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History of skiing

History of skiing

Skiing is found in Norse mythology in which two deities such as the god Ullr and the goddess Skaði are attested as hunting on skis. The word "ski" comes from the Old Norse word "skíð" which means split piece of wood or firewood, so it is a handful word that Norway has exported to the international community. The earliest primitive cave and rock drawings suggest that skis were used even long before then, so Rødøy in Norway depict a man on skis holding a stick.

ski history The oldest and most accurately documented evidence of skiing origins is found in modern day Norway and Sweden, so the first skis date from 2500 to 4500 years old and they were found in a peat bog in Hoting, Sweden with the oldest known ski being a wide, short ski found in Sweden that has been shown to be over 4500 years. These first skis were probable used for hunting, travelling, military maneuvers and practical means of transportation like they were used during the long winter in Northern Russia and the Scandinavian countries.

As the story goes, Sondre Norheim is the originator of skiing as recreation and sport because he invented equipment and techniques which are the basis of modern skiing. Norheim invented a "birch" binding that enabled skiers to ski with assurance of losing their skis. In 1850, woodcarvers introduced lighter, thinner and cambered skis; these elements together with Norheim's creation enabled skiers to swing, jump and maneuver turns while skiing down hills, but also came the flowering of freestyle contests such as climbing, running and making turns for fun and flying off natural bumps. In 1861, it was created the first recreational ski club at Kiandra, Australia.

The Skiing popularity grew more in the early 1900's and according the challenge of skiing has grew, technique and equipment adapted to the challenge. Then alpine ski equipment used a boot that was mounted to the ski at both the toe and the heel, and gave more control to the skier to negotiate steeper slopes and ski at faster speeds. The Alpine skiing disciplines of downhill and slalom came about with this new equipment, and the 1936 Winter Games in Garmisch, Germany, witnessed the first introduction of an alpine ski event.

skiing historyDuring the 1930's the alpine skiing became a popular European pastime, so Austria and Switzerland developed the first Alpine Ski Resorts to receive to everyone who want to experience this sport. That is why, during the past 60 years different schools were established around skiing, with advocates for different techniques and disciplines vying for the recognition as the best form of the sport.

As answer to the frequently evolution of skiing, equipment manufactures developed faster and safer equipment, and athletes combined this new equipment with better training and technique to continuously improve the sport. People still go on about which is the premier skiing disciplines, but they can enjoy of all forms of skiing for a lifetime, as meant that each skiing discipline has grown due to the passion by many fans.