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On Snow

On Snow


This word comes from the Greek word that means two contests. At the Winter Olympics it consists of joining two sports together, cross country skiing and rifle shooting. The competitor have to go as fast as they can for a certain distance, then they have to shot at a target. this activity is really difficult to do because your heart is beating fast from skiing so hard and then you have to try slow your heart down so you can hit a target that is about the size of a coin.

For this competition racers wear cross-country skis, ski suit, and boot and have a harness to carry the rifle. Likewise they carry an arm sling that is used to stabilize the rifle while shooting.

This competition includes four different races for men and women which are: the sprint, pursuit, individual and the relay. Each event is a different distance and has a different number of targets to hit. One has a penalty loop for every target the competitor misses then one minute is added to your time for every target they miss. For this is important to hit all the targets.

Combined Downhill

This race involves a combination one downhill and two slalom runs. The runs are a little shorter than in the regular competition. This event includes race for women and one for men. The winner is the competitor with the fastest time.

Cross Country

Cross country skiing consists walking or running on long skies (this skies are long and narrow with front tips that curve up). In this event competitors use long ski poles to help them push off. In cross-country skiing the wax is very useful, since it helps skiers either slide better on the snow or not slip depending on the condition of the snow. In this competition there are many races; And the shortest is 5 km long(about 3 miles) and the longest is 50 km long(31 miles). The curses that are ran by have parts that are flat, parts that go uphill and other parts that go downhill. The competition includes race for men and women in individual events and as part of a team.

Downhill Racing

This is a very popular sport for the Winter Olympics has the longest course in Alpine Skiing. In this event competitors travel down steep slope turning when they see red flag they. But when the course is favorable they can go as fast as 80 miles per hour or maybe more.

Downhill Racing include two training races by safety reasons. On the big race Skiers are ready their skis are waxed and bucked tightly to their boots, poles are in skier's hand, goggles are on nice and tight, then racers are off. Competitors must go even faster and turn at each red flag and go as fast as they can to the finish line.

Each racer gets one try and the winner is the skier with the fastest time. The most difficult part of this tricky sport is keeping your balance and not breaking any of your bones.

Freestyle Aerials

In Freestyle Aerials there are two-jumps for each competitor. The top twelve men and women with the highest scores in the competition pass to the final, in the final will have two jumps and the highest total score from the final is the winner. Competitors have to do tricks in the air, which are called by strange names like: Daffy, Front Tuck, and Backscratcher. The Judges score the movement in the air, how good their form is and the how they land. And the average is as follows: getting air is worth 20%, the skier's form is worth 50%, and the landing is worth 30%.

Freestyle Moguls

The word Mogul comes from an Australian word "mugel", meaning is moumen's halfpipe, women's halfpipe, men's parallel giant slalom and women's parallel giant slalom or small hill. Here competitors use their knees like shock absorbers, which go up and down while the rest of their body stays still. And their skis should stay on the snow all the times as they make quick turns heading down hill at all times. Mogul includes an event for men and one for women. And the long course is usually 755 to 885 feet long.

Giant Slalom

It is a skiing race, very much seem the slalom, but it is wider and has fewer turns. Competitors perform two runs on the same slope but the course is different each time.

See also: Alpine Skiing

Nordic Combined

This competition is a combination of a cross country event and a ski jumping event. In this event are included two jumps off one of the hills and one cross country race. The distance went through in the two is added together then competitor with the farthest distance in the two jumps starts first on the second day in the cross country portion of the race

See also: Nordic Combined Skiing


In the slalom competitors go down the hill one at a time weaving through gates with the aim going in and out of gates that are set up and get down the hill faster than any other competitor. Competitors try to get as close to the gates as they can without missing them so they wear padding on their arms and legs and to protect themselves from the gates.

See also: Alpine Skiing


Snowboarding is a race that includes lots of tricks in the air and four events, men's halfpipe, women's halfpipe, men's parallel giant slalom and women's parallel giant slalom.

The racers pick up speed and when they get to the top they do a trick above the rim and then they head back down and up the other side and do another trick. Five judges score each round on the half pipe. If there is a score draw between two athletes, the judges go back to the last round. If it's still a score draw, the winner is the person that impresses the judges the most.

Ski Jumping

In Ski jumping competitors ski down a steep ramp that curves up at the end. This curve at the end helps the racer take off in order to go as far down the hill in the air as they can. Each event have a specific name like: the Inrun is when the person gets in a position to take off, Take Off is a position where you leave the ground, next is the landing, the K Point determines the amount of distance points awarded to the jump.